identity theft

Businesses aren’t immune to tax identity theft

Tax identity theft may seem like a problem only for individual taxpayers. But, according to the IRS, increasingly businesses are also becoming victims. And identity thieves have become more sophisticated, knowing filing practices, the tax code and the best ways to get valuable data.

How it works

In tax identity theft, a taxpayer’s identifying information (such as Social Security number) is used to fraudulently obtain a refund or commit other crimes. Business tax identity theft occurs when a criminal uses the identifying information of a business to obtain tax benefits or to enable individual tax identity theft schemes.

For example, a thief could use an Employer Identification Number (EIN) to file a fraudulent business tax return and claim a refund. Or a fraudster may report income and withholding for fake employees on false W-2 forms. Then, he or she can file fraudulent individual tax returns for these “employees” to claim refunds.

The consequences can include significant dollar amounts, lost time sorting out the mess and damage to your reputation.

Red flags

There are some red flags that indicate possible tax identity theft. For example, your business’s identity may have been compromised if:

  • Your business doesn’t receive expected or routine mailings from the IRS,
  • You receive an IRS notice that doesn’t relate to anything your business submitted, that’s about fictitious employees or that’s related to a defunct, closed or dormant business after all account balances have been paid,
  • The IRS rejects an e-filed return or an extension-to-file request, saying it already has a return with that identification number — or the IRS accepts it as an amended return,
  • You receive an IRS letter stating that more than one tax return has been filed in your business’s name, or
  • You receive a notice from the IRS that you have a balance due when you haven’t yet filed a return.

Keep in mind, though, that some of these could be the result of a simple error, such as an inadvertent transposition of numbers. Nevertheless, you should contact the IRS immediately if you receive any notices or letters from the agency that you believe might indicate that someone has fraudulently used your Employer Identification Number.

Prevention tips

Businesses should take steps such as the following to protect their own information as well as that of their employees:

  • Provide training to accounting, human resources and other employees to educate them on the latest tax fraud schemes and how to spot phishing emails.
  • Use secure methods to send W-2 forms to employees.
  • Implement risk management strategies designed to flag suspicious communications.

Of course identity theft can go beyond tax identity theft, so be sure to have a comprehensive plan in place to protect the data of your business, your employees and your customers. If you’re concerned your business has become a victim, or you have questions about prevention, please contact us.

© 2018

Tax-Related Identity Theft

Identity theft is a growing problem, and tax-related identity theft in particular continues to increase each year. In 2015, tax-related identity theft continued to hold a high spot on the IRS’s annual “Dirty Dozen” tax scams list.

Tax return identity theft occurs when the taxpayer’s personal information, such as name, Social Security number (SSN), employer identification number, or other identifying information, is used without the taxpayer’s authority to file a fraudulent tax return (usually to claim a fraudulent refund or to obtain tax benefits). This type of identity theft carries serious consequences. It can take victims months just to prove their identity to the IRS, which in turn delays the processing of legitimate refund claims. According to the IRS, individual victims of identity theft “may lose job opportunities, be refused loans, education, housing or transportation, and may even be arrested for crimes they didn’t commit” (IRS Publication 4535, Identity Theft Prevention and Victim Assistance). Businesses may incur significant damage to their reputations, in addition to financial losses and the costs incurred to resolve the issues with numerous agencies.

Scams – Unless you have been in communication with a specific IRS agent regarding a specific matter, the IRS will never contact you via phone or email. Scammers often use these mediums to get personal information or con taxpayers into paying fake taxes/penalties. If the IRS needs to reach a taxpayer they generally do it via U.S. mail. Be suspicious. If you receive a notice that seems suspicious, we recommend that you contact a CPA.

Need help communicating with the IRS because you have been a victim of tax-related identity theft or you have received a suspicious notice? Atchley & Associates LLP may be able to assist you.

See the full article issued by The Tax Adviser on this topic at : http://www.thetaxadviser.com/issues/2015/dec/assisting-clients-with-tax-related-identity-theft.html#sthash.09Lk7sql.dpuf